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You are watching: The windows desktop is itself a folder.

These days, the graphic user user interface (the colorful civilization of icons, windows, and menus) is standard. Mac, Windows, Chrome OS, Linux—every operating mechanism is basically the same, i beg your pardon is come say a really long means from the currently of typed regulates that identified the earliest computers.

Windows 10 restores the desktop to its timeless importance, following a monster three-year detour into “what the heck” land known as windows 8. The desktop is as soon as again your only residence base, your solitary starting point. It’s the check out that greets you once the computer system turns on, and it provides all the tools you must manage and also organize her files.

Herewith: a grand tourism of the state the the arts in computer desktops—the one in home windows 10.

The Lock Screen

When you revolve on a windows 10 machine, you understand right away the you’re not in Kansas anymore. The first thing you view is a colorful curtain that’s been drawn over the computer’s world. The the Lock screen (Figure 1-1).

The Lock display screen serves the same function it go on a phone: It offers a rapid glance in ~ the time, the date, your WiFi signal strength, the weather, and also (on laptops and also tablets) your battery charge. As you download and also install new apps, lock can add informational tidbits to this Lock screen, too.

The suggest is that occasionally you don’t really should wake the an equipment up. You simply want to understand what time it is.

The Lock screen can likewise give you instant accessibility to her Camera and also Skype apps (Camera and Skype). You could want to take it a photo or prize a contact without having to go with the red ice cream of totally logging in.


Figure 1-1. You can manage which apps are enabled to add information come the Lock display in settings (like the weather report displayed here). You’re not stuck with the Lock display photo as mom Microsoft has actually installed it, either. You can readjust the picture, if friend like, or you can get rid of it altogether. Thing 4 has the details.

When you carry out want come go past the Lock display screen to log in in, yes nothing come it. Practically anything you execute that says, “I’m here!” works:

Touchscreen: Swipe a finger upward. (Swipe bottom to jump right into Camera mode.)

Mouse: Click anywhere. Or revolve the computer mouse wheel.

Keyboard: Press any key.

The Lock screen slides up and also out of the way, revealing the Login display (Figure 1-2, top).


You can readjust the picture background that the Lock screen, do it a slideshow, or fiddle v which information shows up here; see customizing the Lock Screen. You deserve to even remove the Lock screen altogether—after all, it’s an extra click every time you log in. For step-by-step instructions, see “Eliminating the home windows 10 Lock Screen,” a cost-free downloadable PDF attachment on this book’s “Missing CD” page at www.missingmanuals.com.

The Login Screen

As in any contemporary operating system, you have actually your very own account in Windows. That your world of files, settings, and also preferences. Therefore the 2nd thing you conference in home windows 10 is the Login screen. Here, at lower left, you check out the name and photo because that each human who has an account top top this device (Figure 1-2). Pick yours.

This is additionally where you’re an alleged to log in—to prove that you’re you. Yet logging in no longer needs to mean typing a password. Among Windows 10’s primary goals is to adopt touchscreens, and also typing is a ache on tablets.


Figure 1-2. Lower left: If your device has an ext than one account collection up, insanity or click your symbol to sign in. Height right: keying is so 2009! In home windows 10, you have the right to log into your account using any type of of several more touchscreen-friendly methods, like drawing three predetermined lines on a photograph.

Therefore, you can log in using any of these techniques:

Just look at her screen. On laptops or tablets with Intel’s RealSense infrared cameras, facial recognition logs you in.

Swipe your finger across the fingerprint reader, if your computer system has one.

Put your eye approximately the iris reader, if your an equipment is so equipped.

Type in a pen you’ve memorized.

Type a classic password.

Skip the defense altogether. Jump straight to the desktop when you turn on the machine.

See Chapter 19 for instructions on setting each of this up.

The Desktop

Once you’ve gotten past the protection barrier, you finally wind up in ~ the home base the Windows: the desktop. View Figure 1-3 because that a refresher course.

You can, and also should, do the desktop look like whatever you want. Girlfriend can change its background snapshot or color scheme; you deserve to make the text larger; you have the right to clutter increase the totality thing with icons you usage a lot. Chapter 4 is a crash course in desktop interior decoration.


Figure 1-3. The desktop returns in home windows 10 together everybody’s beginning place. It’s as soon as again the first thing you see after you log in. It has actually a shiny, clean, brand-new look, yet the time-honored landmarks—Start menu, taskbar, mechanism tray—are just where they’ve always been.

Meet the start Menu

Windows is composed of 50 million lines of computer system code, scattered across your difficult drive in hundreds of files. The vast bulk of them are not because that you; they’re assistance files, there for behind-the-scenes usage by Windows and your applications. Castle may too bear a sticker reading, “No user-serviceable parts inside.”

That’s why the Start menu is so vital (Figure 1-4). It lists every useful item of software program on her computer, consisting of commands, programs, and also files. Just around everything you carry out on your pc begins—or can begin—with your begin menu.

In windows 10, together you’ve probably noticed, the word “Start” no actually show up on the begin menu, as it did for years; currently the Start menu is simply a square button in the lower-left edge of her screen, bearing the Windows logo (). Yet it’s still referred to as the begin menu, and also it’s tho the gateway to every little thing on the PC.

If she the form who bills by the hour, you deserve to open the Start menu (Figure 1-3, lower left) by click it with the mouse. If you feel the life’s too short, however, madness the key on the keyboard instead, or the button if the a tablet.

Really, truly: Learn this. Tap to open the Start food selection (or to close it!).

The Start menu (Figure 1-4) is separation into two columns. For convenience, let’s call them the left side and the right side.



If your computer is a tablet, and also it has no physical key-board at all, climate it may start up in home windows 10’s brand-new Tablet mode. In this mode, the ideal side the the Start menu fills the whole screen, and also the left next doesn’t show up unless girlfriend tap the

in the top-left corner. For details on tablet computer mode, watch Chapter 13.

The many amazing thing about the windows 10 Start food selection is that windows 10 has a start menu—something it is been missing since home windows 7. The left side, or something choose it, has actually been through Windows indigenous the beginning. The right side is a pared-back version of the Start display that identified Windows 8.

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The left side may look favor the Start food selection that’s remained in Windows from the start (except throughout that one unfortunately three-year home windows 8 phase). However there’s a big difference: In windows 10, you can’t use it to list your own favorite programs, folders, and also files. (That’s what the appropriate side is for.) The left side is expected to it is in managed and run entirely by home windows itself.